Impact of agricultural commercialization on household food security among smallholder farmers in Zhombe North Rural District, Zimbabwe

Main Article Content

Pamela Madududu
Willy-Marcel Ndayitwayeko
Emmanuel Mwakiwa
Jacqueline Mutambara

Keywords

Agricultural commercialization; Impact; Food security; Propensity score matching; Smallholder farmers

Abstract

Agricultural commercialization is one of the proposed strategies to alleviate the problem of food insecurity in Africa. This paper contributes to the debate on the impact of agricultural commercialization on household food security by assessing the impact of agricultural commercialization on household food security. Cross-sectional data for the 2017/18 farming season was collected from 165 smallholder farmer households in Zhombe North Rural District in Zimbabwe. A propensity score matching model was used for data analysis. Crop output market participation share (COMPS) and crop input market participation share (CIMPS) were jointly used as a proxy of agricultural commercialization of a household. Findings indicated that agricultural commercialization had a positive significant average treatment effect on the treated (ATT) of 5.25 modified food consumption scores on households’ food security. The paper recommends the promotion of agricultural commercialization as a strategy to improve household food security.