Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
Software and application engineering - computer science and social applications from algorithms, to quantum computing and software engineering, including big data, human-computer interaction, and computer and network security.
E-governance- e-Democracy, e-Participation and other dimension of this field of study including; Electronic rule making/public policy formulation/democratic processes at all levels, Digital citizenship, e-deliberation, digital consensus building, Digital inclusion/communication in policymaking/democratic governance
Internet of things (IoT) - IoT system architecture, IoT enabling technologies, IoT communication and networking protocols, IoT services and applications, and the social implications of IoT. Examples are IoT demands, impacts, and implications on sensors technologies, big data management, and future internet design for various IoT use cases, such as smart cities, smart environments and smart homes