Authors in East African Journal of Science and Innovation (EAJSTI) must fulfil the criteria for definition of authorship. Specifically;
- Authorship should be limited to those who have made a substantial contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study;
- OR the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data;
- OR have drafted the work or substantially revised it;
- AND has approved the submitted version (and any substantially modified version that involves the author’s contribution to the study;
- AND agrees to be accountable for the work submitted both the research and cited material.
Exclusion from authorship of individuals who have made author-level contributions is not permitted for papers published in EAJSTI, nor is guest or honorary authorship.
Other individuals who have participated in generation of the research paper, but who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the acknowledgments section with a brief indication of the nature of their contribution.
In addition, the corresponding author(s) must:
- Ensure that all listed authors have received and approved the manuscript prior to submission.
- Receive all substantive correspondence with editors as well as full reviews.
- Verify that all data, materials and code, even those developed/provided by other authors, comply with the transparency and reproducibility standards of both the field and the journal.
- Ensure that original data/materials/code upon which the submission is based are preserved and retrievable for re-analysis.
- Confirm that the presentation in the paper of the data/materials/code accurately reflects the original sources.
- Foresee and minimize obstacles to the sharing of data/materials/code.
- Ensure the entire author group is fully aware of and in compliance with best practices.
- Be responsible for signing off on galley proofs and ensuring all authors complete the Conflict of Interest (COI) declaration and license forms.
EAJSTI journal respects intellectual property and aims at protecting and promoting original work of its authors and is therefore strictly against any unethical act of copying or plagiarism in any form.
All authors submitting articles to EAJSTI are expected to abide ethical standards and abstain from plagiarism, in any form
Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
All manuscripts submitted for publication in the journal are cross-checked for plagiarism using appropriate software.
Manuscripts found to be plagiarized during initial stages of review are out-rightly rejected and not considered for publication in the journal.
In case a manuscript is found to be plagiarized after publication, the Editor-in-Chief will conduct preliminary investigation, with the help of a suitable committee constituted for the purpose.
If the manuscript is found to be plagiarized beyond the acceptable limits, the journal will contact the author(s) that the paper has been formally retracted.
Conflict of Interest
EAJSTI requires manuscripts to be accompanied by clear disclosures from all authors of any past and present affiliations, funding sources and financial or management relationships related to the reported research that might raise questions about possible sources of bias.
Patents (whether applications or awards to the authors or home institutions) related to the work should also be declared.
Before manuscript acceptance, authors will be asked to sign an authorship/conflict-of-interest form.
Reviewers form the cornerstone of the peer review process, and their evaluations ensure the quality of published research.
Therefore, the editors seek reviewers for EAJSTI who do not have conflicts of interest with the authors or reported research in the manuscripts they read.
In addition to this precaution, reviewers are required to disclose any conflicts with the evaluation of the paper, and this information is taken into account by the editors when decisions are made.
Members of EAJSTI Editorial Board may be consulted by the Editor in Chief at the initial evaluation of newly submitted manuscripts. They are required to declare any conflicts pertaining to particular submissions.
EAJSTI will not consider any original research paper or component of a research paper that has been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere.
Distribution on the Internet may be considered prior publication and may compromise the originality of the paper as a submission to EAJSTI.
While a manuscript is under consideration at EAJSTI no versions revised in response to editorial input and peer review should be posted on a preprint server.
Manuscripts posted at a preprint server should not be discussed with the media prior to publication.
Please contact the editors with questions regarding allowable postings to other servers.
We generally encourage presentation of original results prior to publication at scientific meetings.
Authors should feel free to present their data at scientific meetings.
Unpublished Data and Personal Communications
Citations to unpublished data and personal communications cannot be used to support significant claims in the paper.
Papers will be held for publication until all “in press” citations are either published or posted in full on a preprint server.
EAJSTI support the Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) guidelines to raise the quality of research published in Science and to increase transparency regarding the evidence on which conclusions are based.
- Citation standards
All data, program code, and other methods must be appropriately cited using Digital Object Identifier System (DOIs), journal citations, or other persistent identifiers.
Truly exceptional circumstances requiring special treatment, such as proprietary information requiring nondisclosure agreements, should be discussed with the editor no later than at the manuscript revision stage and spelled out explicitly in the acknowledgments.
- Analytic methods (code) transparency
EAJSTI requires the Materials and Methods section to provide sufficient detail to allow replication of the study.
Study design should be described in detail and should facilitate replication. Statistics must also be comprehensively described.
- Design and analysis transparency
EAJSTI encourages authors to follow relevant standards for their field for reporting key aspects of the research design and analysis.
Authors should report which standards were followed and note any deviations from the guidelines.
Authors should present results in complete and transparent fashion so that stated conclusions are backed by appropriate statistical evaluation and limitations of the study are frankly discussed.
Guidelines for specific types of studies
Authors should provide evidence of ethical considerations and clearance where applicable in human and animal studies.
Copyright and License to Publish
EAJSTI requires that, before manuscript acceptance, authors sign a license agreement granting EASTECO exclusive rights to use and authorize use of their contribution.
The authors retain copyright as well as rights to make certain uses of the work.
Details on publishing fees are provided at acceptance.
Corrections, Expressions of Concern and Retractions
EAJSTI is committed to correcting errors in published papers.
In cases where an institutional investigation of large-scale error or misconduct is under way, EAJSTI may publish an Editorial Expression of Concern relating to the paper in question.
In cases of irreproducibility of research findings reported in an EAJSTI paper, a retraction may be considered if the core conclusions are thereby invalidated.
Papers will also be retracted in case of research misconduct.
Corrections to errors that do not affect the core conclusions of a paper are posted online and linked to the published paper.